Wednesday, May 29, 2013

What does the World Health Organization say about stroke


Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs)A global action plan for the prevention and control of NCDs (including heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancer and chronic lung diseases) comprises a set of actions. When performed collectively by Member States, UN organizations and other international partners, and WHO these actions will set the world on a new course to achieve nine globally agreed targets for NCDs including a reduction in premature mortality from NCDs by 25% in 2025. The action plan also contains a monitoring framework, including 25 indicators to track mortality and morbidity; assess progress in addressing risk factors, and evaluate the implementation of national strategies and plans.

WHO is requested to develop draft terms of reference for a global coordination mechanism through a consultative process culminating in a formal meeting of Member States in November 2013. WHO was also tasked to provide technical support to Member States and to develop a limited set of action plan indicators to inform on the progress made with the implementation of the action plan in 2016, 2018 and 2021.


Thursday, May 23, 2013

Length of carotid stenosis predicts peri-procedural stroke or death and restenosis in patients randomized to endovascular treatment or endarterectomy


Leo H. Bonati, Jörg Ederle, Joanna Dobson, on behalf of the CAVATAS Investigators are just about to have their paper Length of carotid stenosis predicts peri-procedural stroke or death and restenosis in patients randomized to endovascular treatment or endarterectomy published on IJS Early View. They have found that there was no difference in the occurrence of death or stroke lasting >seven-days between randomization, and 30 days after treatment between the EVT arm (23/213 patients, 10·8%: 13 nonfatal strokes, 9 fatal strokes, 1 nonstroke death) and the CEA arm (24/211 patients, 11·4%: 20 nonfatal strokes, 4 nonstroke deaths), OR 0·94 (0·52–1·72). In the entire study population, length of carotid stenosis using either definition significantly predicted the safety end-point [definition 1, i.e., using length 1 where possible and otherwise length 2: area under the ROC 0·62 (0·54–70), P = 0·008; definition 2, i.e., always using length 2: area under the ROC 0·67 (0·59–0·74), P < 0·001].

Online soon.

Tuesday, May 14, 2013

Exploring quality markers for scientific journals

It's been a while since IJS has sent out a blog post, and as always this is because there is so much going on, rather than inaction! Our esteemed Associate Editors have been busily trawling through manuscripts and working hard to make IJS a more timely journal. New IJS Board member Atte Meretoja has been workshopping with us, for presentation at our coming Board meeting in London later this month a new set of author guidelines. As always we are working towards bettering our quality and content for the benefit of our readership, and as a journals quality markers exist in guidelines we see this as an essential area to grow and nurture, so you the authors and readers know what to expect from IJS. 


Let's focus on Transparency

1. Transparency: mistakes are inevitably made from time to time, and science, scientists and scientific processes can be flawed. Papers are peer reviewed and sometimes, undeservedly make it through to publication either innocently and therefore ignorantly, or deceitfully. 

Transparency is essential for stakeholder trust in journal quality. The internet community and stakeholders will hold accountable those who strive to evade, mislead or under-disclose. You will be publicly interrogated and your actions questioned. Discussions on ethics are becoming more globally cohesive and the excellent outcome is that authors and more importantly publishers, are more accountable and also rewarded for their behaviours. 

IJS is committed to transparency. As stroke is such a close knit community, and the reviewers and authors are very intertwined, we have not yet been in the position where we have needed to disclose a retraction, or more importantly, where we have need to retract an article.  

http://retractionwatch.wordpress.com
The author of the Retraction watch blog wrote the following article for Lab Times online 
http://www.labtimes.org/labtimes/ranking/dont/2013_03.lasso; they quote Dr Stuart Firestein from this article here http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/07/firestein-science-doubt/ 'Science often traffics in doubt and readily welcomes revision. And these are precisely the attributes that make it deserving of our confidence.'  

In a recent TED talk he says “It’s farting around… in the dark.”
http://blog.ted.com/2013/02/26/celebrating-ignorance-stuart-firestein-at-ted2013/. 

So this means that explanation and transparency through retraction or in a wider sense error, is fundamentally important to quality, and a true quality marker for scientific publishing. 

This quote was found in PubMed - a standard retraction from Wiley, IJS's publisher.  
The following article from Journal of Product Innovation ManagementThe Impact of Aligning Product Development and Technology Licensing: A Contingency Perspective by Ulrich Lichtenthaler and Johan Frishammar, published online on 13 October 2011 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor-in-Chief, the Product Development and Management Association, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed to due to inconsistencies in the empirical results. Prof. Dr. Lichtenthaler has indicated that Prof. Frishammar was not responsible for any of the statistical analyses in the article and Prof. Dr. Lichtenthaler accepts sole responsibility for this article being retracted.

I invite blog readers to comment on this retraction and the process used and invoke discussion about the detail, and transparency.

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